Construction of paths in the country - 1
BUILD THE TRACK YOURSELF ...
What paths and paths will help make life in the country convenient
The overwhelming majority of summer residents and gardeners either do not arrange paths on the site at all, or, having poured on the ground, in their opinion, suitable material: sand, gravel, slag, they believe that the garden path is ready. Therefore, after winter or heavy rainfall, such paths are deformed and very soon become unsuitable for walking.
Hence the conclusion: a network of paths and paths constructed correctly and in the right places not only provides convenience in movement, but also pleases the eye with aesthetic performance. It, as it were, serves as a kind of guiding thread connecting a garden, a house, a vegetable garden, and outbuildings into a single organic whole.
Before starting the laying of paths and paths, it is necessary to think in detail about their location, size and construction methods. The path may be inconspicuous, but it may also be the center of attention, emphasized, for example, by a beautiful curb, a group of trees, shrubs or features of the surrounding landscape. The path on the site should not have anything to do with the street road. Usually, before the construction of paths begins, naturally trodden paths and paths appear on the site, which arise as a result of the use of these places by the owners of the site. In this regard, it is advisable to build paths along the outlined paths.
As practice clearly shows, garden paths, if they are forcibly constructed, ignoring the naturally trodden ones, for the most part remain unused and only occupy a useful area. And this means that the construction of paths cannot be one-step: you have to wait some time so that paths and paths are precisely defined in use, which will greatly facilitate the work on their arrangement.
And some of them do not have to be redone at all. The main requirement for any paths on the site: so that they can be used all year round: and in slush, and in heat, and in icy conditions. At the same time, it is desirable that they are not too expensive and do not require much maintenance.
The main - the "main" path leading from the gate or from the gate to the house, is usually laid by the shortest route to approach the house. All other paths, paths connecting the house with the vegetable garden, corners of the garden, resting place and outbuildings should be as short and straight as possible. From an aesthetic point of view, paths and paths should be laid in such a way that, when walking along them, a wide view opens up, and you can see the most beautiful places in the garden and vegetable garden. At the same time, you should not get carried away and arrange on your site "boulevards" and "avenues" for walking. Walking is best done in parks.
The width of the tracks depends on their purpose... For example, for the main path leading from the gate to the house, a width of one meter or a little more is sufficient. That is, so that two pedestrians can disperse on it. All other paths, which are walked alone, are made 50-80 cm wide. When laying paths in the garden, it should be borne in mind that the growing crowns of trees and shrubs can sometimes make it difficult to walk along them. If it is necessary to lay paths in the garden between the beds, then their width should be minimal: 30-35 cm.
Garden path cover
Choice garden path cover depends on the intensity of its use. The more often the track is used, the stronger the coating should be. It should also be borne in mind that all tracks should be convex to the center and gradually lower to the edges within 2-3 cm per linear meter. In small gardens and on open lawns, islands of stones and slabs can be arranged, laying them randomly at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other (see fig. 1).
Of all the possible options for garden paths, perhaps the simplest and cheapest - sandy walkway... However, the sand path has a number of significant disadvantages. The main ones are: softness and soaking during melting snow and lingering rains. After short rains, they dry quickly, because they have the ability to absorb water, but this does not happen during snow melting, because the lower layers of the soil are still frozen.
During drought and strong winds, dust swirls over such paths. In addition, harmful weeds often germinate on them, which have to be weeded out or pulled out, thereby destroying the pathway. Hence the inevitable conclusion: sandy paths require constant attention - they must be looked after, leveled, watered in dry weather and rolled.
If you have already decided to build a sand path, then you need to do it carefully and very carefully. First, you need to mark the place of the intended track (with a cord, pegs, rope). Then, between the marks, remove the soil to a depth of about 20 cm, resulting in a kind of mini-pit for the future track. Further, the base must be tamped and laid on top of the soil with a layer of 5-7 cm of coarse gravel, pebbles, crushed stone, broken brick, small waste concrete or other suitable materials.
This layer also needs to be properly tamped, and on top of it another layer of finer gravel, crushed stone, slag, ash or old plaster should be poured with a layer of 2-5 cm. These layers should be watered and a layer of sand should be laid on top of them, or even better - a mixture from sand, stone chips and dry silt. Tamp, level and roll again. That's it - the track is ready. To prevent soil from falling on the path, it should be fenced along the edges with a curb made of stone, concrete or brick. The curb should rise 5-7 cm above the track (see fig. 2).
In addition, if the soil on the site is sandy, then the path can be paved in the form of an original garden "parquet"... To do this, first choose an earthen cut. Its base is cleaned and lightly tamped. After that, sand is poured with a layer of 5-8 cm, and the ends of the logs are tightly placed on it, a 15-20 cm long chock made of hard trees. The hardest, most durable wood is from larch and teak.
Each block (lump) must be treated with a special antiseptic compound and dried. It is best to dip the lower part in heated bitumen. From above they are again covered with sand. For a better fit to the ends, you can even give a hexagonal shape. When the sand fills all the cracks, its remains are removed, and the ends are filled with heated bitumen. When it is absorbed into the wood, the path is again sprinkled with sand, resulting in a "real parquet".
In addition to options for sandy paths, quite often summer residents build on plots concrete paths... Moreover, this is often done without taking into account the aesthetic point of view. But concrete itself is a monochromatic gray mass that is not capable of creating different options for garden paths without additional processing of its surface and its color scheme.
The basis of any concrete (until recently) is cement, the best binding material. Cement hardens quickly both in air and in water. The beginning of hardening (setting) of a properly prepared concrete solution - not earlier than 40-45 minutes after the preparation of the "test" (a mixture of cement, filler and water). And the end of hardening is no later than 12 hours.
Cement can be of different grades: from 300 to 600. The overwhelming majority in construction is used Portland cement grade 400... The preparation of concrete mortar should be taken with full responsibility. Indeed, the service life of the track being built directly depends on this. First of all, a dry mixture is prepared from cement and sand. In many construction publications, it is recommended to take 2.5-6 parts of sand for 1 part of cement (depending on the brand of cement). Probably, these proportions can be observed, however, the long-term practice of professional builders proves that the most optimal ratio of a mixture of Portland cement grade 400 and sand is 1: 3.
Water is gradually poured into the resulting mixture, and everything is thoroughly mixed. Then aggregates are added to it: gravel, crushed stone, small stone, and with this concrete solution the groove dug under the path is filled. It is very important that the sand and stone aggregates are clean, without foreign impurities: particles of clay, peat, chernozem, plant residues and other inclusions. After contaminating the concrete solution, they significantly reduce the strength of the concrete.
If the connecting elements (filler) are metal reinforcement or steel wire, then in this case a qualitatively new material is obtained - reinforced concrete... In terms of strength, it is significantly superior to ordinary concrete. The track from it will last a very long time.
According to plasticity, the concrete mass is divided into tough (good compaction is required when laying), plastic (requiring less compaction) and cast (filling out the form almost by gravity). It should be remembered that the thicker the mass of concrete and the more it compresses, the stronger the concrete will be and vice versa.
The base for concrete paths is prepared in the same way as for sand paths. Then, wide boards up to 3 cm thick are laid along the edges and strengthened from the outside with pegs, i.e. we create the formwork. Boards must be tightly docked with each other, and, if necessary, their edges must be stitched. In planed formwork, the concrete is cleaner. The same effect can be achieved if the walls of the formwork are covered with dense polyethylene from the inside.
In order for the wooden formwork to be denser and not to absorb water from the concrete solution, it is recommended to moisten it well with water 2-3 hours before placing the concrete. In order to obtain the desired slope of the track, one of the sides must be higher. And so that the concrete does not crack, the track is divided into meter strips and first separate sections are concreted, then the grooves between the strips are poured with asphalt (see fig. 3).
Usually, with the right technology, concrete hardens during the day. However, to obtain the required strength, it must be kept moist. If the air temperature is +15 C, then the concrete must be watered from the second day after laying and continue to water for 7-5 days. In the first days, watered 3-5 times a day, and after 3-4 days - 2-3 times, if the weather is not very hot.
To be continued. Paths made of slabs, stone and other materials
How to lay the rubber floor yourself
It is not difficult to lay rubber flooring, but you need to familiarize yourself with some of the nuances before starting work:
- if tiles or paving stones are chosen for the path, it will be possible to do without slopes and artificially created holes. But if we are talking about a coating in a roll, then there is no way without these parts
- if installation is carried out on a sand-cement mixture, it is recommended to take tiles with a special fastening system "thorn-groove"
- arrangement of curbs at the borders of the tracks is a must. They are needed not only for aesthetics. But they also help secure the web to the surface and prevent it from moving before the fixing material dries.
- the tiles must be started from the middle of the path
- the space between the tile and the border must be filled with pieces of the base until the parts are tightly joined.
How to lay on a soft base
You can lay rubber tiles on sand or soil. But the thickness should be at least 3 cm. The crumb can be laid in the same way.
The process takes place in several stages:
- Clear the site of any vegetation.
- Remove the topsoil.
- Tamp the surface well.
- Lay a layer of gravel about 9 cm.
- Make a cement-sand mixture in a ratio of 1k3, and distribute over the gravel.
- Lay out the tiles according to the pattern, leaving gaps of about half a centimeter between the elements.
- Cover the mentioned gaps with sand and remove excess.
How to lay on a firm base
Check concrete or asphalt for deformation before starting work. All serious irregularities and other deformations must be eliminated before starting installation. Only minor errors are allowed.
- Cover the working area with a primer. It is recommended to use a special concrete primer. Alternatively, you can make a mixture of acetone and polyurethane glue. In both cases, you need to wait until the composition dries.
- Mark with twine and pegs.
- Cover the tiles with the adhesive with a spatula.
- Press the element to the base and tamp with a rubber hammer.
- Collect excess compound from outside the tile.
- Put a curb.
How to make a crumb coating:
- Clean the surface from dirt.
- Apply a primer.
- Mix the mixture of crumb and glue in the proportions indicated on the package.
- Add pigment of the desired color.
- Treat the roller with a special emulsion to protect the rubber from sticking to the roller.
- Smooth the composition with a roller, which should then dry for at least one day.
- The laying surface must be firm, even and dry. You can lay the rubber track on wood or concrete. If desired, it is allowed to lay it even between the beds, but you will need to prepare a suitable foundation.
- In the case of concrete, it is necessary to withstand it for another month after pouring. When it comes to wood, the moisture level should not exceed 10%. The surface must be completely uniform and free from traces of other coatings.
- If laying is to be done according to curved geometry, it is necessary to measure in advance the segments of the required length, and roll the excess back into a roll.
How and from what to make tracks in the country cheap.
The variety of materials gives a wide space for the implementation of ideas for the improvement of the area. To give natural beauty, simplicity and nobility to a summer cottage area, choose a natural stone for the design of a summer cottage path with your own hands.
Be bold in your experiments: use materials of different colors and textures, combine and lay them out in different ways. Even a boring gray concrete slab walkway will not only retain practical value, but it can also be beautiful.
Turn fantasies into reality - lay out a path from wood cuts, reinforced with gravel, rubble and sand. Cover the gaps between the cuts with soil mixed with plant seeds.
Cast concrete slabs are an affordable and cheap material. But do not lay it close to each other. It looks monotonous. Plates of varying sizes, arranged in a thoughtful mess, add dynamics. To prevent weeds from growing through the spaces between the slabs, treat the soil with herbicides before laying.
On a small piece of land, do not make the paths straight. Try to lay them out in curves and waves: such turns optically add depth to the space.
Modern free style garden design - sidewalk slabs set on a gravel path. This concept makes the track visually more harmonious. The practicality of the slabs and the grain of the gravel successfully complement the romantic atmosphere of the garden.
The country paths made of artificial concrete stone, which are cast using special shapes, are becoming more and more popular. The process is quite painstaking and long, but worth it!
A garden path in the form of piano keys will turn out if you paint the path itself white, and highlight the "keys" in black. You can also use different colored pebbles on the gravel path. Children and musicians will definitely be delighted!
Pebbles are another good material for a garden path.Pebble mosaic creates good adhesion to the surface so that it is not slippery during precipitation. In this case, you no longer have to "ride" on a wet or snow-covered track.
By changing the outlines of the mosaic and ordinary paving on the path, you can create a pattern of different complexity. The combination of materials very stylishly fits into the environment with natural and artificial objects.
Garden paths made of colored mosaic lined with pieces of ceramic tiles or ceramics look fascinating. The pattern can be developed in advance on paper, but the improvisation will also differ in its unique pattern. The cement curb will keep the walkway from crawling.
A border for a garden path can be wicker, plastic, brick, stone, concrete, glass, mosaic, from plants ... There are a lot of options, but its main function is a clear edging of the path and extending the life of any coating.
The border not only makes the garden neat and clean - it gives it a complete look.
Plain grass will nicely fill the joints between the garden path slabs. Laying diagonally creates an interesting rhythm.
Brick garden paths are already a classic in any dacha. You don't need to be limited to simple paving on a sand and gravel bed: use bricks of different shades, form beautifully curved path lines, mark the visual center of the entire composition. This approach will work to enhance the effect of a regular brick path.
Building bricks are not suitable for the construction of garden paths; it is better to use special sidewalk slabs that are not afraid of water and frost.
A cheap, durable and practical material is stones in concrete. If you choose them correctly, the track will never look boring and gray. There are no limitations in imagination: pebbles of different sizes and colors or identical stones of the same shade, in a thoughtful drawing or in a chaotic manner.
A simple but neat path among a riot of greenery can be like a path to a fairy-tale world that promises a surprise at every turn.
Glass bottles are used as an alternative cheap material. They are placed upside down, driven into the ground. It looks very unusual and bright, and also allows you to create various ornaments.
It is also possible to combine several types of tracks. Such combinations turn out to be very nice and original.
See how many varieties of garden paths you can implement if you really set a goal? These interesting options for paths in the country with their own hands prove that with a minimum of material and little effort, you can create a fabulous comfort near your home or plot. In some cases, it is enough to spend a couple of hours to get a beautiful, well-groomed and at the same time original track.
Liked the ideas using regular stones and bricks? Try to ensure that such a path is in harmony with the general style of the dacha. Do not forget about the flower beds with perennial plants, now is the time to plant chrysanthemums.
It is not difficult to build a beautiful garden path, although it will take some work. But you are doing this for yourself and not for one year, so it is worth showing imagination and diligence to create convenience, so that later you can enjoy the results of your work for a long time. We hope that this selection will help you out in choosing a design and one of the types of paths will take root in your garden. Don't forget to click on the "Share on Facebook" button and tell your friends!
A beautiful garden for every taste.
As an alternative to a regular vegetable garden, you can plant your own vegetable garden in the same way as you would plant flowers - in beautiful rounded shapes next to a gazebo or seating area.
The most beautiful thing in any garden is the plants themselves. Healthy, fresh, aromatic. If you are planting a vegetable garden as a decorative flower bed, make sure that it does not gape with bare voids after harvesting early vegetables and herbs.
If the garden is small, then you can spend money on beautiful fences for high beds.
Combining vegetables with ornamental plants, you will be surprised at how unexpectedly exquisite look the leaves and fruits of vegetable crops are.
A beautiful vegetable garden, just like flowers, can be grown in a container and decorate the terrace with them.
You can join the ranks of the owners of beautiful gardens, even if you do not have a summer cottage. Perhaps, root crops such as carrots are not practical to grow on the balcony, but everyone can grow greens and special potted varieties of tomatoes and peppers.
It is not necessary to experiment with the design of the garden for the entire plot - try making this year a small kitchen garden near the house in the form of a flower bed. One of your practical steps will give you more information and conclusions than 100 photos of beautiful gardens.
A beautiful vegetable garden is not empty fun. It still brings healthy vitamins, energizes your health and helps you save on food. Your vegetable garden can become the subject of your special pride if it has its own unique design and modern practicality. But, this is your garden, and you decide how much you are willing to work in the determination to make it beautiful, as in these photos.
Any labor expended on the garden will undoubtedly pay off with a good harvest. But there is more desire to take care of a beautiful garden, do you agree?
Paving slabs for paths in the country. Prices, types and design options
Each owner, in the process of creating a landscape design for a summer cottage, comes to the need to design summer cottages. Firstly, it is necessary for practical reasons, since in rainy weather the sidewalks are saved from dirt. Secondly, the paths add neatness and completeness to the entire landscape of the site. The choice of material depends on the financial capabilities and aesthetic requirements of the owner. After all, country paths can be made from almost anything:
- a rock
- paving slabs
- rubber tiles.
Even after rain, paving slabs look clean and tidy
Stone paths are very expensive and not accessible to everyone. The tree rots quickly, and the plastic does not look harmonious with the natural ensemble. It is not very comfortable to walk on gravel. Therefore, today the most popular material is paving slabs for paths in the country. The price of paving slabs 500x500x50 depends on the production technology, used dyes and additional additives and starts from 330 rubles per m².
Cozy sitting area paved with asymmetrically laid paving slabs
There are a variety of tile track styles. The main thing is that they are in harmony with the buildings and fit into the overall design. For large and wealthy estates, a strict style with straight wide sidewalks is suitable.
To emphasize the natural grace of the garden, the paths should be done in harmony with the plants and uneven terrain. In this case, they can be laid in all directions, bending around flower beds and small architectural forms. In this case, the planned load on the sidewalk should be taken into account. The choice of tiles depends on this.
Helpful advice! It is best to do the laying of paths in the fall. At this time, the soil is dense and does not require long-term tamping.
Paving slabs successfully imitate paving stones
What type of paving slabs to choose
The determining factor in this matter is not only the price. The paving slab path in the country is often subjected to a very heavy load, so the material must also be strong.
There are two main types of tiles: vibrocast and vibropressed. The former is usually a little cheaper. If personal transport is planned to travel along the path, then it is better to choose the second option. In addition, the thickness of the product must be at least 4.5 cm.
DIY video of paving slabs: step by step instructions. Styling technology. Various types of paving slabs, their advantages and disadvantages. Photos of interesting solutions for a country yard.
For footpaths, the tiles can be less durable and 3 cm thick. It should be taken into account that the larger the size of the individual tile element, the less durable it is. Small parts are more likely to sink into the ground than break.
The austere style of paths with smooth geometric shapes looks very elegant
When choosing a cover for tracks, the following points should be taken into account:
- legal manufacturer. The product must be with a certificate of conformity
- production technology
- geometric dimensions and strength
- appearance and quality. Very bright tiles can be of poor quality due to an excess of dyes. Catalog photos of paving slab paths in the country do not convey information about the quality of products, it is advisable to pick up the product and carry out simple manipulations with it. The ringing sound when hitting two tiles speaks of good quality. A dull sound or spots on the back are signs of poor quality products.
Low lamps along the sidewalk paths will not be superfluous in the evenings
If the choice is made on one of the types of tiles, then it is necessary to calculate the required amount of materials, including borders, if necessary. You should purchase 5% more of the received number of tiles. This will avoid the need for a long search for the desired color in the event of a shortage, especially since the extra elements will always be useful for subsequent repairs.
Helpful advice! It is good to mount lighting along the paths. This gives additional charm to the whole composition. In addition, it will not be superfluous on dark August evenings.
How to make garden paths in the country with your own hands? (80+ Photo options for great ideas) + Reviews
A variety of do-it-yourself garden paths in the country will not only become a real decoration of your site, but also ensure safe movement at any time of the year. After all, walking on wet ground in spring and autumn is very difficult and also unpleasant.
In addition, in the absence of equipped paths, guests, children and pets can trample the lawn or flower bed. They can be made without involving a construction team, you just need to carefully plan the process, choose the optimal material and technology.
3. Stones and lawn
If you don't mind green grass, let the lawn grow freely between the stone slabs of the walkway. This combination of greenery and stone will look very natural and harmonious in the garden.
Stone slabs literally "grow" into the green lawn, becoming an integral part of the garden
Why destroy the lawn, if you can create just such a beautiful path, which will be no less convenient to walk on than on ordinary paths, completely lined with tiles
One can confidently say about such a path made of massive stone slabs - “made for centuries”. And the moss growing between the slabs gives it a natural look, as if the path appeared by itself