How to distinguish between squash and pumpkin seedlings
During the period when the seedlings are in a tight space before planting in the ground, and you have to rearrange the pots, it is possible to confuse some crops. If you can distinguish peppers and tomatoes from zucchini and cabbage, then pumpkin from zucchini is quite difficult to distinguish even for an experienced gardener.
Pumpkin and squash are related plants and belong to the same species. The seeds and young shoots are so similar that it is quite easy to confuse. It cannot be left like this, since you can't sit next to.
The main differences
You can distinguish:
- at the seed level;
- first shoots;
- with the growth of true leaves;
- at the time of transplant;
- at the time of the formation of the whip and the set of color;
- after the start of fruit formation.
If we take into account the main differences between these plants, it is possible to quickly distinguish them by eye, and prevent crossed plantings. Mixing up the seeds is not a problem, you can sort them, knowing how they look.
Difference of seeds
You can remember how they look zucchini seeds in one beautiful way - longer than pumpkin seeds, like the zucchini itself, in contrast to the pumpkin.
The main characteristics of the seeds of these crops, and the difference:
- zucchini have more elongated, oval, and round pumpkin, with a less noticeable "nose";
- the zucchini is whiter, and have whiteness with some bloom, like plaster;
- the pumpkin is softer, their peel is easily scraped off with a fingernail, does not become a semblance of bark, like a pumpkin. The peel of pumpkin seeds, if you scrape it off a little, leaves a hard thin layer, like an eggshell;
- if the seeds are slightly soaked in water, the zucchini seeds remain lighter than the pumpkin seeds, which clearly turn yellow.
If you are leaving your seeds for seedlings for next year, store them. in homemade paper bags... And before you dry the seeds, do not over-wash them so that some dry pulp remains on the seeds, this will help to sort out in case of confusion.
Only a few know how to distinguish sprouted seedlings by the first cotyledon leaves and the full-fledged first leaf. Even experienced gardeners rarely pay attention to the differences, but if you take a close look once, remember them, and this question will not arise for you anymore.
The seedling of crops is different:
- on cotyledon leaves - continue the shape of the seed. The zucchini have narrow and longer ones, the pumpkin has the opposite.... If you have both cultures, substituting them side by side, you will immediately understand who is who;
- pumpkin seedlings are always stronger and more dense. Less prone to stretching, and darker;
- pumpkin seedlings are tougher and more powerful;
- zucchini leaves are more strongly dissected, thinner in the light, in contrast to the second culture, the leaves of which are round and dense;
- the first pumpkin leaf has no sharp cornerlike a zucchini leaf.
Similarities between squash and pumpkin
Some varieties are very difficult to distinguish especially varieties of oval light pumpkins... Their seedlings also have quite a few similarities. The seeds are less rounded and lighter in color. It is better to distinguish between similar varieties of seeds and sign immediately, during collection and drying.
They are related cultures, and in some cases the similarities are just perfect. Due to this, they are easily re-pollinated, which should be avoided in order to avoid loss of the variety.
If you do not attach importance to the little things, the seeds of crops are similar, like the first shoots, and even when the first flowers appear, you can doubt what kind of culture you have in the garden.
How not to confuse seedlings
At the time of planting the seeds, many simply sign the pots. From moisture and water, the inscriptions fade and rub off. How can you avoid these problems and save time to unravel puzzles?
There are several tried and tested methods:
- It is necessary to keep the seedlings in different places, if possible, even in different rooms, as sometimes it blooms before planting in the ground, and can become dusty.
- Sign the pots with a waterproof marker, and glue the piece of paper with tape - this way water will not come out under the film. The labels should be different.
- Put colorful sticks in the pot, which, moreover, are convenient to loosen the soil in the pot before watering.
- Every seed needs to be sown in a separate pot, since the sprouts do not tolerate the rupture of the root system during transplantation. Ideally, sow seeds in peat pots that can be placed directly into the hole.
- If you are already confused, pay attention to the fact that the pumpkin is a stronger, more powerful plant, outwardly darker and its leaf is rounded. Sign and post them to different rooms.
Is it possible to plant a pumpkin and zucchini next to
These are plants of the same genus, and easily re-pollinated... If you accidentally planted them on the same bed, and during flowering and fruit formation, you noticed that these are different crops, you should not plant them, since an adult plant is unlikely to undergo a transplant.
Also, if you do not plan to collect seeds, and buy new ones every year, there is no need to worry - no changes will happen to them, the only thing is that they may change somewhat in size and slightly change shape.
If you harvest your seeds every year, if you are trying to preserve the variety, do not plant crops nearby. Ideally, this distance between them should be more than 80 meters.
A common gardening practice is to plant plants at a distance more than 20 meters gives its advantages, provided that there is a third culture between the cultures. You cannot plant them together on the same bed.
If you grow these vegetables side by side and leave the seeds for the next year will change both the shape and taste of the fruit... The zucchini will become rounder, have a hard skin and change the color of the flesh. The pumpkin, on the contrary, will become more oval, light, and lose its taste to neutral.
The seeds will change and lose their external differences. Vegetables will become something in between, between one and the other. Such "selection" is undesirable, as it leads to a complete loss of culture as such.
If you are trying to keep the variety, follow the planting rules, do not cross. And you will always have healthy vegetables with original flavors and colors.
If you buy seeds every year, there is no need to worry about this, as there will be no changes to your favorite vegetables in one year.
What is the difference between pumpkin and zucchini
Pumpkin and squash are crops that belong to the same family and have a number of similar characteristics. They are unpretentious in care, have a high yield, high taste. Outwardly, young plants are almost indistinguishable: massive leaves, large yellow flowers, even the fruits are very similar at first. Let's find out how to distinguish a pumpkin from a squash and how they are separated from each other.
What is the difference between pumpkin and zucchini
How many leaves - so many differences
You can distinguish between pumpkin and zucchini seedlings at different stages of development:
- at the time of germination and the first days of growth
- when real leaves unfold and grow
- when it's time to plant seedlings.
Newly unfolded pumpkin cotyledons are rounder, larger and thicker than those of a squash, and look more powerful. Zucchini cotyledons are oval, lighter than pumpkin. The pumpkin stalk is thickened, shortened, in comparison with the squash it looks more stocky, and the leg of the squash plant is thinner, it is easy to break it.
What to do in order not to confuse pumpkin and zucchini seedlings
- When collecting your own seeds, you must sign them prior to storage. The seeds are stored in paper bags, the variety and year of harvest are written on the label. Pumpkin seeds are stored for a long time, up to 9 years. Moreover, the best time for sowing is 2-3 years after harvest. Cucumber seeds cannot be confused with zucchini, but they look like melon seeds.
- Sowing seedlings should be done in separate cups. Pumpkin plants do not like transplanting; when planting in the ground, they need to be reloaded without injuring the root system. Each glass must be signed immediately after sowing, indicating the variety and sowing date. For pumpkin, you need to specify a subspecies: pumpkin, zucchini or zucchini.
- When planting, make sure that these garden crops grow at a considerable distance from each other if you intend to sow seeds from them.
What to do
Ideal if you have identified the species of seedlings before transferring them to a permanent location. But what if the mixed seeds were planted directly in the ground or you did not properly differentiate the shoots, and now the young bushes of pumpkins and zucchini are growing together?
In this case, the sprouts must be carefully transplanted into different beds, being careful not to damage the delicate root system. Leaving pumpkins and zucchini to grow together is undesirable:
- Zucchini are very demanding for light, moisture and heat. Powerful pumpkin foliage, as well as sprawling lashes, can create unfavorable conditions for zucchini in which they will not yield the desired harvest and even can wither.
- According to the rules of agricultural technology, zucchini and pumpkins should be planted at a distance of 80 meters. This is due to the fact that these subspecies are actively pollinated. If you pick seeds from ripe fruits, they will give a defective crop next year - sweetish zucchini and small thick-skinned, tasteless pumpkins.
The latter condition is almost impossible to implement in our small plots, so it is better not to harvest the seeds, but to buy the seed of the varieties you like every year.
Of course, there is a certain risk of repetition of my deplorable situation, but the seedling method of planting will help you make sure of the species of the sprouts before they are transferred to a permanent place in the ground.
Seedlings of pumpkin and zucchini: how to distinguish and not confuse?
Growing zucchini by seedling method allows you to get an earlier and plentiful harvest. The start of work depends on the climatic conditions in the region; on average, planting begins in mid-late April. At the same time, pumpkin seeds and other related crops are prepared. It is not uncommon for seeds to mix, and gardeners do not know how to distinguish between squash and pumpkin seedlings. Plants at the initial stage of the growing season are very similar to each other, so as not to wait for the appearance of fruits, the distinctive features of seedlings should be studied.
Growing rules and photos of pumpkin and zucchini seedlings
Growing rules and photos of pumpkin and zucchini seedlings: pumpkin seedlings
Before sowing seeds, it is recommended to process them. As a rule, processing includes several stages. First, the shift is discarded, throwing out those that floated to the surface when soaked in salt water. Then, briefly immersed in disinfectant solutions of potassium permanganate or wood ash. Some people use biological fungicides for this purpose. And the soil remaining after soaking with the solution is spilled before or after sowing seeds into it.
Growing rules and photos of pumpkin and zucchini seedlings: zucchini seedlings
By the way, before processing, you need to carefully read the information on the package, because, in some cases, the manufacturer carries out the necessary seed treatments on his own and you can immediately proceed to sowing them.
Both squash and pumpkin do not like acidic or alkaline soil, so the soil for sowing seeds must be at a neutral ph level. This must be remembered in the future, when planting seedlings in open ground. For sowing seeds, you can use purchased soil or make up the soil mixture yourself. The components of such a mixture include sod land, high-quality humus, peat and sawdust. At the same time, regardless of whether you purchased the soil in a specialized store or compiled it yourself, it is imperative to decontaminate it. Even if you are sure that there are no pathogens, prevention will not hurt.
It is better to use separate small containers for growing seedlings. In each such glass or pot, you need to plant two or three seeds. And when the seedlings grow up a little, leave only the strongest and healthiest plant.
The sowing depth of seeds is no more than 2 cm. The seeds are placed horizontally in the hole.
Containers with seeds are covered with foil or glass and placed in a room with an air temperature of + 20 ... + 22 degrees. After the seedlings appear on the surface, it is recommended to move them for 7 days to a room where daytime temperatures are + 15 ... + 18 degrees, and night temperatures are 2-3 degrees lower.
Experts note that after such hardening, the seedlings will not stretch even despite low lighting.
For watering young plants, use settled water at room temperature. Watering is carried out as the soil surface dries up, but not allowing it to dry out. Young and immature plants will instantly respond to changes in living conditions by wilting and slowing down in development.
Fertilization during the growth of seedlings is carried out twice. For the first time, about a week after the shoots appear, phosphates, carbamide (urea) or organic fertilizers are applied. The second time, 7 days after the first feeding, a complex nitrogen - phosphorus - potassium fertilizer is applied.
Both zucchini and pumpkins are vegetables that are very sensitive to low temperatures, so the seedlings are planted after the return frosts have passed. In many regions, this time falls on the end of May - beginning of June.