Violet, or saintpaulia, is a genus of herbaceous flowering indoor plants of the Gesneriaceae family. Her homeland is the East African mountains of Tanzania, where it is always warm and humid. For the modern world, the plant was discovered by Baron Walter von Saint-Paul at the end of the 19th century. Small, constantly blooming Saintpaulias quickly won the hearts of flower lovers. These small plants amaze with the beauty of their flowers, and are able to decorate any room.
Growing violets in an apartment is quite simple, even a novice plant lover is unlikely to encounter difficulties when leaving. Many growers keep entire collections in their homes, since there are a huge variety of types and varieties of violets. The conditions for keeping any kind of violets are the same, which greatly facilitates the very process of growing and creating compositions from various types of these beautiful flowers.
Description of the plant
Violet, or saintpaulia, is a genus of herbaceous flowering indoor plants of the Gesneriaceae family. For the modern world, the plant was discovered by Baron Walter von Saint-Paul at the end of the 19th century.
It is a compact plant with beautiful multi-colored flowers, with oval dark or light green leaves, collected in a rosette. Flowers are multi-colored, smooth, double and wavy with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm. There are also ampelous species, they have a branched stem and several rosettes.
Violets! How to care for them to bloom and delight!
Popular varieties of violets
Today, many hybrid varieties have been bred, which are divided into groups according to the shape and color of the flower:
- Saintpaulia - "chimera".
The most common varieties of violets have a rosette diameter from 20 cm to 40 cm, but there are giant varieties up to 60 cm and miniature ones up to 6 cm in diameter.
Caring for violets at home
The rules of care for all varieties of tender and warm-loving violets are the same. This greatly simplifies the care of them, but they must be observed without exception.
Location and lighting
The most important condition for a long life and abundant flowering of violets is a lot of light. If your apartment is located on the lower floors of the house, and there are no such places in it, then it is better to abandon the idea of growing violets. Because the growth and flowering of Saintpaulias depends on the lighting.
The southern windows of the house are well lit, but if the plant is not shaded, then it will get burns from the rays of the sun. The most successful place is the east and west windows. Even better if you place them in the kitchen. Favorable conditions will appeal to these sissies, and you will be pleased to cook in their presence. In winter, it is better to remove violets from the chilly windows on a nearby table, or place them on a small stand so that the roots do not overcool.
Lack of lighting will lead to the fact that the plant will stretch upward, towards the light, the leaves will become pale and lethargic, and harmonious development will be disrupted. For violets, it is important that the daylight hours are up to 14 hours. On cloudy and winter days, in order to provide the violets with the necessary light, it is necessary to additionally install lamps. The light should be soft and diffused. To prevent the plant from growing one-sided, it must be periodically turned around its axis. This simple maneuver will allow the bushes to grow compact and symmetrical.
The optimum temperature for violets in the spring-summer period will be 18-24 degrees. In winter, the temperature can drop a little to 10-15 degrees, but not lower, otherwise the flower will grow too dark. For normal growth and development of the plant, fluctuations of 2-3 degrees between day and night temperatures are allowed. But sharp temperature jumps should not be allowed.
Also, the violet does not carry drafts, because of this feature, it is better not to take the flower out to the balcony or street in the summer.
For the successful cultivation of violets, one must take very seriously the humidity conditions in the apartment. At home, violets grow in high humidity conditions. If the air in the house is very dry, then you can use pallets with wet stones or expanded clay. The pot itself should not be immersed in water. Another great option to humidify the air is to place a household humidifier near the plants.
Traditional leaf spraying is not suitable. Drops accumulate on the leaves, the water does not evaporate and the plant can be affected by the fungus.
The most common cause of violet death is improper watering. She does not like either drying out or waterlogging. It is optimal to water the plant twice a week during the warm period, and once during the cold period.
Watering violets with water immediately from the tap is not worth it. It is better that she stand in the room for more than a day, then it will become the desired temperature, and all impurities will settle to the bottom. The traditional root watering method must be used very carefully. Water, hitting the buds of growth, will destroy the flower.
It is better to choose one of the alternative watering methods:
- through the pallet;
- drip irrigation;
- immersion method;
- using a wick.
Violets, like all plants, love to swim, but after water procedures they must be well dried: let the water drain and blot all the drops.
For any plant, the size of the pot is important. Violets are very capricious in this matter. If the pot is not the right size, the flower will not develop properly.
The plant has a small root, so too much soil is not needed. The violet should be three times larger than its pot.
It is impossible to plant a stalk with shoots "for growth" in a large pot. There will be no flowering until the root system braids the entire container. The violet will grow green mass, and the flowers will have to wait for a very long time.
Today, you can easily buy a special substrate for growing violets in the store. But you can use the old proven method: ordinary garden soil is mixed with a small amount of sand, and then sieved and disinfected at a high temperature. Hot processing is needed to get rid of larvae and fungal spores. One third of the pot is occupied by drainage, the rest is covered with soil.
Top dressing and fertilizers
Feeding Saintpaulias is needed in the spring months, when they are actively growing and forming buds. The rest of the time, there is no need to feed them. Nitrogen fertilizers stimulate leaf growth, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers help lush flowering.
It is best to carry out the procedure for transplanting violets in the spring. The rest of the time is not very suitable for resettlement. High temperatures in summer and low temperatures in winter will significantly affect plant survival. In the fall, the growing season ends, and it will be more difficult for a flower to take root than in spring.
Reasons why you need to update the soil and pot:
- Buying a new plant, he definitely needs quarantine and transplantation;
- White bloom on the ground, this is a sign of a fungal infection;
- Depletion of the soil, when no additional fertilizing helps, the plant is sluggish, the leaves begin to turn yellow and die off;
- Transplanting a young rooted cuttings.
In all cases, a new transplanting substrate and careful processing of the pot are required. The drainage can be replaced, or, just like a pot, treated with boiling water.
Reproduction of violets
Cutting is the easiest and fastest way to propagate violets. The stalk can be immediately planted in the ground, without waiting for the roots to appear. In a small glass with damp earth or a mixture for Saintpaulias, a cutting with a fresh cut is buried at an angle of 45 degrees. Several leaves of the same type can be planted in one container. Then the seedlings are placed in a greenhouse.
To see how the rudiments of the root system are formed on the cutting, you can put it in water. The sheet should not float in water or touch the vessel wall. To avoid this, it can be fixed to the surface with paper.
Cuttings with roots are very carefully transplanted into the soil. It is important not to damage the young and delicate roots. It is also impossible to deepen a stalk with a leaf too much, then new leaves will have to wait for a very long time.
Diseases and pests
The main causes of illness and death of violets are:
- Improper care (too dry air, sunburn, cold, excess moisture);
- Infections and fungal diseases (gray rot, fusarium, powdery mildew);
- Insects (aphids, ticks, thrips, nemodes).
Why violets don't bloom. Garden World site
Care mistakes are easier to deal with than fungi and infections. They require the use of chemicals (fast, foundationol) and prophylactic treatment with phytosporin. Insect control is carried out with the help of Mospilan, Regent, Fitoverm. With each case, if you notice the depressed state of the plant, you need to deal with it separately.
Two methods to return a lush bloom to a violet
It is difficult to find a plant lover who has not been involved in growing violets at least once. It is not surprising, because they have been decorating the houses of our grandmothers and mothers for a long time, pleasing the eye with a cute and long flowering.
Despite this, like any other plant, violets eventually lose their elegance and decorativeness. As a result of aging, the stem of the flower coarsens, and the leaves become sloppy. Therefore, the editors "So simple!" decided to share in two ways rejuvenation of violets, which will return them to their previous appearance.
By visiting our section "Violets", you will learn all about violets - these beautiful, delicate and varied colors.
Our site will teach you how to care for violets so that they delight your eyes with their beautiful leaves and luxurious bouquets of flowers. In addition, this section contains a violet grower dictionary, in which you will find many terms, thanks to which it will be easier for you to navigate the amazing "Planet of violets".
As real, you will see photographs of violets showing all the diversity and beauty of these amazing flowers.
The catalog of varieties of violets, which you will also find in this section, will be regularly updated with photographs and short descriptions of these wonderful flowers.
If you notice an error, select the required text and press Ctrl + Enter to inform the editors about it
Indoor Plants - Violets, Dieffenbachia
It's no secret that plants accompany people everywhere. They purify the air, create coolness on a hot day, and give aesthetic pleasure. Therefore, it is not surprising that indoor flowers have so many fans.
Flowering specimens are very popular among indoor plants. Recently, orchids have become very fashionable. These flowers look gorgeous and attract everyone's attention. But caring for them is painstaking, so not everyone decides to start them. Representatives of bromylium, for example, guzmania, do not need complex care and delight the eye with bright colors. Amaryllis has large white-pink, red or orange flowers. Vallota produces a peduncle that has up to eight bright red flowers. And the violets? Hyacinths, Saintpaulias and Gloxinias need no introduction, because they have long become the favorite plants of many people.
Flowers in the house bring not only aesthetic pleasure, but also practical benefits. For example, aloe and Kalanchoe are well-known medicinal plants that help heal wounds, heal colds, and are also used in home cosmetics.
Rosemary will help fight insomnia and fatigue.
Cacti and asparagus clean the air in the house very well from harmful ions, and dieffenbachia, cyperus and philodendron reduce its humidity.
And the most useful indoor flower, scientists recognized chlorophytum. A few of its plants are enough to cleanse the premises of the apartment from formaldehyde, which is released by the thermal insulation of synthetic materials.
Each medal has a different side, as well as with flowers that can beat, both beneficial and poisonous. More varied milkweeds have a poisonous juice, which, if it comes into contact with the skin, can cause burns and ulcers.
Painful burns are caused by croton juice, and blisters appear from injections with monstera needles.
The smell of some flowering plants can cause a heart attack, and the beautiful azalea can trigger heart arrhythmias and seizures.
If you nevertheless decide to envy a poisonous plant, then taking care of it, adhere to precautions, and also isolate it from children and pets.
We settle in the house of a new inhabitant
If you decide to decorate your home with houseplants, then choose those that you like, and not those that stand on the windows of neighbors and friends. Also, ask what conditions this or that flower likes, what kind of lighting it likes, air temperature, soil composition and humidity, what kind of care is needed. After all, you are settling a new "resident" in your apartment.
Determine in advance where you will put the purchased flower and do not move it unnecessarily. It is best to buy indoor plants in late spring - early summer. This period is the most favorable for adaptation, because the flower is actively growing roots. In the process of adapting to new conditions, your pet may dry out the leaves or fly around the flowers, but soon it adapts and will delight you with a new shoot.
Summer is a particularly favorable moment in the life of indoor plants. In summer, days get longer, daylight hours increase, and plants absorb the beneficial excess of heat and sunlight. In the summer, try to water your pets more often to avoid drying out the leaves!
Violet rejuvenation is to "refresh" the roots of the plant, rid it of excess leaves and provide it with a new, nutrient-rich soil.
There are two ways to rejuvenate a violet. One of them is more radical, although it is quite simple and always working. The second is a little more humane and no less useful for the plant. Choose whichever you like best.
Method number 1
- First, select the old violets, the appearance of which we will restore. To do this, you will need a pre-prepared substrate, perlite, pots, drainage, always clean scissors and a knife disinfected with alcohol.
So let's get started. The flower does not need to be removed from the pot. Just take the scissors and cut off the violet at the base of the trunk just above ground level.
Preparing the soil for plant rooting. Can be used a pot of soil, a glass of chilled boiled water or perlite... Better to give preference to perlite. Since this material retains moisture well and is almost sterile, the probability of rooting in it is 100%, while in the ground or water there is a high probability of decay of the trunk.
Having rooted the plant in moist perlite (or another soil of your choice), place the container with the violet in a bag and tie it carefully. This will create the greenhouse effect that the flower needs during this period.
After about 3 weeks, the violet will have formed enough roots and will be ready to go into the pot with new soil.
Method number 2
- To rejuvenate the violet using the second method, remove the plant from the pot directly with the ground. Then you need to thoroughly clean the root system from the soil, which is already devoid of any nutrients. For the best effect, you can even gently wash the roots in water.
Place the violet in a pot 2/3 filled with earth. We spread the roots of the plant and add soil from all sides. Finally, sprinkle the base of the violet with perlite for added protection and moisture retention. The soil should eventually reach the level of the lower leaves. Done!
I attach a video to my instructions, where you can see with your own eyes the procedure for rejuvenating violets in more detail.
After the done manipulations the flower will look well-groomed and healthy again... Use these tips, and your green charges will become a real eye candy. Good luck!